Spray underwater gliders were used to observe the Almeria-Oran front in the Mediterranean Sea during 2018 and 2019.

MAY 2018 - MAY 2019

Temperature, Salinity, Chlorophyll Fluorescence, Doppler Velocity, Acoustic Backscatter, Depth-Averaged Velocity

  • Region: Mediterranean Sea
  • PI: Daniel Rudnick
  • Funded by: Office of Naval Research award N00014-18-1-2406 "Observations of three-dimensional frontal circulation using underwater gliders"

Project Dataset Files

Cleaned, post-processed and vertically binned to meet user needs

Access Options

Data are available in CF compliant NetCDF files and are also available via our ERDDAP server which offers additional file types, data subsetting, visualization options and more.


MAY 2018 - MAY 2019

Project Dataset Processing

  • Averaged to 10-m vertical bins
  • Bins improve ease of use
  • Bins allow for easy integration of ADCP acoustic backscatter and velocity data
  • Filtered using QC flags
  • Only high-quality data are represented in each bin

How to Cite

When using this dataset, please cite the data as:

Rudnick, D. (2021). Observations of the Almeria-Oran front in the Mediterranean Sea using Spray underwater gliders [Data set]. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Instrument Development Group. doi: 10.21238/S8SPRAY3700


Rudnick, D. L., N. D. Zarokanellos, and J. Tintoré, 2022: A four-dimensional survey of the Almeria-Oran front by underwater gliders: Tracers and circulation. Journal of Physical Oceanography; doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-21-0181.1
Zarokanellos, N. D., D. L. Rudnick, M. Garcia-Jove, B. Mourre, S. Ruiz, A. Pascual, and J. Tintoré, 2022: Frontal dynamics in the Alboran Sea: Coherent 3D pathways at the Almeria-Oran front using underwater glider observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans; doi: 10.1029/2021JC017405
Garcia-Jove, M., B. Mourre, N. D. Zarokanellos, P. F. J. Lermusiaux, D. L. Rudnick, and J. Tintoré, 2022: Frontal dynamics in the Alboran Sea - Part II: Processes for vertical velocities development. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans; doi: 10.1029/2021JC017428
Mahadevan, A., A. Pascual, D. L. Rudnick, S. Ruiz, J. Tintore, and E. D’Asaro, 2020: Coherent pathways for vertical transport from the surface ocean to interior. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society; doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0305.1